Query: NC_016048:2678205 Oscillibacter valericigenes Sjm18-20, complete genome Lineage: Oscillibacter valericigenes; Oscillibacter; Oscillospiraceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This is a mesophilic, strictly anaerobic, valerate-producing bacterium isolated from the alimentary canal of a Japanese corbicula clam collected on a seacoast in Shimane Prefecture in Japan. Gram-stain negative, non-sporulating, mesophilic, neutrophilic, strictly anaerobic bacterium.
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General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.