Query: NC_016001:905164 Flavobacterium branchiophilum, complete genome Lineage: Flavobacterium branchiophilum; Flavobacterium; Flavobacteriaceae; Flavobacteriales; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: Flavobacterium branchiophilum strain FL-15 has been isolated from a diseased sheatfish (Silurus glanis) in Hungary Members of the genus Flavobacterium occur in a variety of ecological niches and represent an interesting diversity of life styles. Flavobacterium branchiophilum is the main causative agent of bacterial gill disease, a severe condition affecting various cultured freshwater fish species worldwide, in particular salmonids in Canada and Japan.
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General Information: Normal oral and gastrointestinal bacterium. This genus contains mostly obligately anaerobic bacilli. Many of the isolates are spindle-shaped, or fusiform. This organism belongs to the normal microflora of the human oral and gastrointestinal tracts. It is a very long and slender spindle-shaped bacillus with sharply pointed ends that is characterized by the ability to invade soft tissues. It acts as a bridge between early and late colonizers of the tooth surface, and exerts synergism with other bacteria in mixed infections. It is most frequently associated with periodontal diseases, as well as with some invasive human infections of the head and neck, chest, lung, liver and abdomen, and some anginas. One of the major amino acid and sugar fermentation pathways in Fusobacterium nucleatum produces butyric and acetic acids.