Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTP

Query: NC_015957:4963500 Streptomyces violaceusniger Tu 4113 chromosome, complete genome

Lineage: Streptomyces violaceusniger; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Environment: Soil, Terrestrial; Temp: Mesophile. Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade form a gray aerial spore mass and a grayish-yellow substrate mycelium on oatmeal agar, and produce aerial hyphae that differentiate into spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin.

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Subject: NC_008726:6335961 Mycobacterium vanbaalenii PYR-1, complete genome

Lineage: Mycobacterium vanbaalenii; Mycobacterium; Mycobacteriaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Isolated from contaminated sites exposed to petrogenic chemicals in the watershed of Redfish Bay, Texas, USA in 1986. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium. Mycobacterium vanbaalenii is a fast-growing soil mycobacterium which can degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as fluoranthene, pyrene, phenanthrene. This organism may be useful for bioremediation.