Query: NC_015948:2032399 Haloarcula hispanica ATCC 33960 chromosome chromosome I, complete Lineage: Haloarcula hispanica; Haloarcula; Halobacteriaceae; Halobacteriales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Haloarcula hispanica is a halophilic archaeon. Extremely halophilic archaeon. Has an unusually low restriction barrier. First isolated from a solar saltern in Spain. Ability to accumulate polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) when carbon sources are in excess.
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General Information: Isolated from Lake Gabara in Egypt. Extreme haloalkaliphilic archeon. Natronomonas pharaonis is able to survive at high salt and pH conditions which results in limited nitrogen availability through ammonium. In order to compensate for this, Natronomonas pharaonis has developed three systems to promote nitrogen assimilation: direct uptake of ammonia, uptake of nitrate, and uptake of urea. Another problem with high pH environments is the use of a proton gradient for the generation of ATP, which other alkaliphiles have adapted to by substitution of sodium ions for protons. However, this organism utilizes protons for ATP generation as determined by experimental data.