Query: NC_015947:4248536 Burkholderia sp. JV3 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia; Stenotrophomonas; Xanthomonadaceae; Xanthomonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Rhizosphere, Host, Rhizosphere-colonizing; Temp: Mesophile. This species is an uncommon but serious source of infection in patients with breathing tubes such as endotracheal or tracheostomy tubes, or with chronically indwelling urinary catheters. Although the organism can colonize the devices without causing an infection, under certain conditions it can cause pneumonia, urinary tract infections, or an infection of the blood. This organism can also cause infection in immunocompromised patients. It has resistance to many commonly used antibiotics and therefore is often difficult to eradicate. Most strains are resistant to co-trimoxazole.
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General Information: This organism is found in both soil and water and has great potential for use in bioremediation as it is capable of degrading a large list of pollutants including chlorinated aromatic compounds. The bacterium can utilize hydrogen, carbon dioxide, as well as organic compounds for growth and is a model organism for hydrogen oxidation as it can grow on hydrogen as the sole energy source. It was originally isolated due to its ability to degrade the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, which is due to the degradative functions being encoded on a plasmid (pJP4). Metabolically versatile bacterium. Cupriavidus necator also known as Ralstonia eutropha is a soil bacterium with diverse metabolic abilities. Strains of this organism are resistant to high levels of copper or are able to degrade chloroaromatic compounds such as halobenzoates and nitrophenols making them useful for bioremediation.