Query: NC_015726:3452232 Cupriavidus necator N-1 chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Cupriavidus necator; Cupriavidus; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Cupriavidus necator also known as Ralstonia eutropha is a soil bacterium with diverse metabolic abilities. Strains of this organism are resistant to high levels of copper or are able to degrade chloroaromatic compounds such as halobenzoates and nitrophenols making them useful for bioremediation. Other strains have been studied for their ability to produce polyhydroxybutyrates which have industrial application. Another strain is able to attack other bacteria and fungi when nutrients in the soil are low.
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General Information: This bacterium was isolated from a seawater sediment sample in the North Sea. The species is able to use Mihagol-S (C14,15-n-alkanes) as a principal carbon source. Using n-alkanes as a sole carbon source causes the strains to produce extracellular and membrane-bound surface-active glucose lipids. Phenotypic analysis showed a restricted nutritional profile, high halotolerance, the absence of fermentative metabolism, and a low G+C content. This, in combination with a 16S phylogenetic study, allowed the placing of this organism into a new genus.