Query: NC_015722:852000 Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii IricVA chromosome, complete Lineage: Midichloria mitochondrii; Midichloria; Candidatus Midichloriaceae; Rickettsiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii is a symbiont of the tick Ixodes ricinus. The importance of this organism is two-fold. this symbiont is the only bacterium described that is able of invading the mitochondria of animals. The host Ixodes ricinus is a vector of a number of human diseases.
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General Information: This strain is an egg-passaged attentuated avirulent strain that has been used as a live vaccine and was originally isolated from a typhus patient in Madrid. This species is the causal agent of typhus. The bacteria are transmitted via an insect, usually a tick, to a host organism, in this case humans, where they target endothelial cells and sometimes macrophages. They attach via an adhesin, rickettsial outer membrane protein A, and are internalized where they persist as cytoplasmically free organisms. Transovarial transmission (from mother to offspring) occurs in the invertebrate host.