Query: NC_015711:570910 Myxococcus fulvus HW-1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Myxococcus fulvus; Myxococcus; Myxococcaceae; Myxococcales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism, like other myxobacteria, undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. The motility system is not dependent on flagella like most bacteria, but instead relies on twitching pili: short extracellular appendages that may function analogously to oars in a rowboat. The myxobacteria have proved to be a rich source of novel natural products. Myxococcus fulvus produces a number of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic substances which are being studies for therapeutic applications.
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General Information: This strain can suppress the diseases caused by Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium ultimum which affect cotton plants. The production of a number of antibiotics (pyrrolnitrin, pyoluteorin, and 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol) as well as the production of siderophores (which may affect the ability of competing organisms to obtain environmental iron) by this strain can inhibit phytopathogen growth such as the above-mentioned fungi. The genome of this organism contains a number of genes, estimated at 5.7 % of the chromosome, that encode proteins that are involved in secondary metabolism. A large number of repeat elements (REP) are also found in the genome in greater numbers than in related Pseudomonas spp.