Query: NC_015711:3546500 Myxococcus fulvus HW-1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Myxococcus fulvus; Myxococcus; Myxococcaceae; Myxococcales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism, like other myxobacteria, undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. The motility system is not dependent on flagella like most bacteria, but instead relies on twitching pili: short extracellular appendages that may function analogously to oars in a rowboat. The myxobacteria have proved to be a rich source of novel natural products. Myxococcus fulvus produces a number of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic substances which are being studies for therapeutic applications.
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General Information: Mycoplasma crocodyli was isolated from the joint of a crocodile with exudative polyarthritis. The siblingspecies of M. crocodyli, Mycoplasma alligatoris causes acute lethalprimary infection of susceptible hosts, notably American alligators.This pathogen is studied to understand the mechanisms and evolutionaryorigins of that virulence. A genome survey indicated that M. alligatorisuses sialidase (Nanl) and hyaluronidase (NagH) to generate fuel forglycolysis from host cell glycans. M. crocodyli, which does not causedisease in American alligators, possesses NagH but not Nanl, so damageto the host's extracellular matrix alone cannot explain the particularvirulence of M. alligatoris.