Query: NC_015711:3546500 Myxococcus fulvus HW-1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Myxococcus fulvus; Myxococcus; Myxococcaceae; Myxococcales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism, like other myxobacteria, undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. The motility system is not dependent on flagella like most bacteria, but instead relies on twitching pili: short extracellular appendages that may function analogously to oars in a rowboat. The myxobacteria have proved to be a rich source of novel natural products. Myxococcus fulvus produces a number of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic substances which are being studies for therapeutic applications.
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General Information: The TC1 strain was isolated from a South Dakota, USA spill site soil that contained high concentrations (up to 29,000 microg/ml) of atrazine. Converts agricultural biomass to ethanol. Arthrobacter aurescens is found worldwide in the soil, water, and subsurface. It breaks down organic matter and is able to transform heavy metals into less toxic forms, such as the conversion of mercury salts into the neutral metal. It is also capable of utilizing t-anethole as a sole carbon source, and transforming it with high yield into valuable aromatic compounds which could potentially be used for aromas and flavorings.