Query: NC_015707:1911431 Thermotoga thermarum DSM 5069 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Thermotoga thermarum; Thermotoga; Thermotogaceae; Thermotogales; Thermotogae; Bacteria General Information: Country: Djibouti; Isolation: Continental solfataric spring; Africa; Temp: Hyperthermophile; Temp: 80C. This organism, a member of the Thermotogales, has the characteristic morphology of one or more cells contained in a sheath-like envelope which extends beyond the cell wall. Preliminary sequencing of Thermotogales genomes has identified extensive horizontal gene transfer between these organisms and the Archaea. Thermotoga thermarum does not grow at high salt concentrations (>0.6% NaCL). This organism also produces heat stable enzymes such as endoxylanase, beta xylosidase and alpha arabinofuranosidase which may have commercial uses.
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General Information: Bartonella grahamii (strain as4aup) is Gram-negative bacterium isolated from a wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) in central Sweden. Bartonella are human and animal pathogens which infect erythrocytes and can cause angiogenic lesions. These organisms cause diseases in humans such as Oroya fever, Trench fever, endocarditis, and Cat Scratch disease. Transmission of this organism is via the bite of a blood-sucking arthropod. Bartonella grahamii can be isolated from the blood of rodents and is found world wide. Fleas may be the transmission vector for Bartonella grahamii to other rodents. Human disease appears to be rare and associated with an immunocompromised state.