Query: NC_015707:1911431 Thermotoga thermarum DSM 5069 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Thermotoga thermarum; Thermotoga; Thermotogaceae; Thermotogales; Thermotogae; Bacteria General Information: Country: Djibouti; Isolation: Continental solfataric spring; Africa; Temp: Hyperthermophile; Temp: 80C. This organism, a member of the Thermotogales, has the characteristic morphology of one or more cells contained in a sheath-like envelope which extends beyond the cell wall. Preliminary sequencing of Thermotogales genomes has identified extensive horizontal gene transfer between these organisms and the Archaea. Thermotoga thermarum does not grow at high salt concentrations (>0.6% NaCL). This organism also produces heat stable enzymes such as endoxylanase, beta xylosidase and alpha arabinofuranosidase which may have commercial uses.
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General Information: Causes gastrointestinal disease. This organism is closely related to C. jejuni and C. coli and is a foodborne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and diarrhea. In addition this organism can cause bacteremia and septicemia in immunocompromised individuals. The bacterium is found in a variety of habitats including water environments, and seagulls are considered a reservoir for the organism. Shellfish can harbor the organism when inhabiting water contaminated by seagulls carrying the organism.