Query: NC_015690:7422911 Paenibacillus mucilaginosus KNP414 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Paenibacillus mucilaginosus; Paenibacillus; Paenibacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Paenibacillus mucilaginosus is critical silicate bacteria in the biogeochemical cycling of potassium, phosphorus, and other soil elements, and is widely used in agriculture, bioleaching, and wastewater treatment. P. mucilaginosus is able to degrade insoluble soil minerals with the release of nutritional ions and fix nitrogen, and thus it has been successfully used as a biofertilizer since the 1990s. The exocellular polysaccharides produced by P. mucilaginosus is also an effective bioflocculant, and thus plays a potential role in the treatment of wastewater and biohydrometallurgy.
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General Information: This organism, like other myxobacteria, undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. The motility system is not dependent on flagella like most bacteria, but instead relies on twitching pili: short extracellular appendages that may function analogously to oars in a rowboat. The myxobacteria have proved to be a rich source of novel natural products. Myxococcus fulvus produces a number of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic substances which are being studies for therapeutic applications.