Query: NC_015600:1161640 Streptococcus pasteurianus ATCC 43144, complete genome Lineage: Streptococcus pasteurianus; Streptococcus; Streptococcaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Streptococcus gallolyticus infections in humans are often associated with bacteremia, infective endocarditis and colon cancers. Gram–positive bacteria which are normal inhabitants of the gastrointestinal tract of human and animals, such as cattle, sheep, pigs, horses and dog.
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General Information: Normal human oral flora. Most streptococci are facultative anaerobes, and some are obligate anaerobes. Serologic grouping is based on antigenic differences in cell wall carbohydrates, in cell wall pili-associated protein, and in the polysaccharide capsule in group B streptococci. Streptococcus gordonii is a commensal member of the human oral flora. It initiates the formation of biofilms on tooth surfaces known as dental plaque, which is strongly associated with the development of dental cavities (caries) and gum disease. It is a frequent causative agent of bacterial endocarditis (inflammation of the membrane lining the heart) which often occurs as a result of oral trauma, allowing S. gordonii to invade the bloodstream and colonize the heart.