Query: NC_015224:4101939 Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. palearctica 105.5R(r) chromosome, Lineage: Yersinia enterocolitica; Yersinia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Specific virulence factors are encoded within pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that are required for the invasive phenotype associated with Yersinia infections. One key virulence plasmid contained by the three human-specific pathogens is pCD1/pYv, which encodes a type III secretion system for the delivery of virulence proteins that contribute to internalization into the host cell. This species is a food and waterborn pathogen that causes gastroenteritis (inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestine) and is able to proliferate at temperatures as low as 4 degrees C.
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General Information: Isolated at a depth of 2500 m from the Sulu Trough. High pressure tolerant bacterium. This bioluminescent genus was originally identified in 1878 in association with hake (a marine fish) in Cape Town, South Africa. This species was originally isolated from an amphipod homogenate enrichment from the Sulu Sea. It is a genetically tractable model system for studies of low temperature and high pressure adaptation, and has been used in studies of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acid production under these conditions.