Query: NC_015145:2942500 Arthrobacter phenanthrenivorans Sphe3 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Arthrobacter phenanthrenivorans; Arthrobacter; Micrococcaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: Greece; Environment: Soil; Isolation: Creosote polluted soil at Perivleptos; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 30C. Arthrobacter phenanthrenivorans is able to grow with phenanthrene as a sole carbon source. In addition, this organism transports phenanthrene into the cell either by passive diffusion when cells are grown on glucose, or by an active transport system when phenanthrene is the sole carbon source.
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General Information: This species is a green sulfur bacterium which forms sedimentary biofilm layers. It has been shown to be associated with coral killed by Black-Band Disease (BBD) a microbial infection of larger coral species. This is a concern for reef conservationists as the larger species are responsible for coral scaffolds, and their reduction by disease would have considerable impact on the reef structure. While there is currently no cause-and-effect link between Prosthecochloris aestuarii and BBD, the species was found on coral which was killed by the disease and was not found on healthy coral or in the surrounding seawater.