Query: NC_015067:2282000 Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum JCM 1217, complete genome Lineage: Bifidobacterium longum; Bifidobacterium; Bifidobacteriaceae; Bifidobacteriales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is found in adult humans and formula fed infants as a normal component of gut flora. Representatives of this genus naturally colonize the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and are important for establishing and maintaining homeostasis of the intestinal ecosystem to allow for normal digestion. Their presence has been associated with beneficial health effects, such as prevention of diarrhea, amelioration of lactose intolerance, or immunomodulation. The stabilizing effect on GIT microflora is attributed to the capacity of bifidobacteria to produce bacteriocins, which are bacteriostatic agents with a broad spectrum of action, and to their pH-reducing activity.
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General Information: This bacterium causes a contagious disease of cattle causing respiratory disease, mastitis, and arthritis. It is found worldwide and is inherently resistant to certain groups of antibiotics because it does not possess a cell wall. More recently, this species has become resistant to tetracycline, tilmicosin and spectinomycin which have been traditionally used in its control. The disease is spread between herds by the transfer of infected but seemingly healthy animals which shed viruses. It has also been introduced into healthy herds via frozen semen collected from an infected bull. The economic losses and negative impact on international trade from this disease have been considerable, and efforts are now underway to develop a vaccine.