Query: NC_014935:1834569 Nitratifractor saLSUginis DSM 16511 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Nitratifractor salsuginis; Nitratifractor; ; Campylobacterales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: Japan; Isolation: Deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C. This organism was isolated from the Iheya North hydrothermal field inthe Mid-Okinawa Trough, Japan. It is a strict chemolithoautotroph, growing byrespiratory nitrate reduction with H2, forming N2 as a metabolic product.
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General Information: Environment: Fresh water; Temp: Mesophile. This is the first cultured species of the proposed new genus "Desulfurispirillum", and the sequencing of its genome will expand the range of experimental approaches that researchers can use to characterize its metabolic pathways for energy production and understand how these pathways are regulated. This organism is notable for its ability to reduce selenate to selenite and further to insoluble elemental selenium, in a process called dissimilatory selenate reduction.