Query: NC_014931:4985500 Variovorax paradoxus EPS chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Variovorax paradoxus; Variovorax; Comamonadaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Soil; Temp: Mesophile. Variovorax paradoxus is a nutritionally diverse organism which is commonly isolated from soil. Strains of this organism are able to degrade a number of compounds such as explosives and pesticides. Variovorax paradoxus is also a plant-growth promoting organism, increasing the resistance of the plant to disease and heavy metals.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from a culture of the dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida CCMP1830 which has been implicated in many large scale algal blooms resulting in increased mortality in fish. The bacteria are attached to the surface of the dinoflagellate and in some ways allow the dinoflagellate to grow as those lacking the bacteria die off. The bacterium also chemotaxes towards the dinoflagellate product DMSP (dimethylsulfoniopropionate) and metabolizes it. DMSP is a major source of sulfur in marine ecosystems and plays a role in the sulfur biogeochemical cycle. The implication is a tight association between these important dinoflagellates and this marine bacterium.