Query: NC_014923:3930669 Mesorhizobium ciceri biovar biserrulae WSM1271 chromosome, complete Lineage: Mesorhizobium ciceri; Mesorhizobium; Phyllobacteriaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: Italy; Environment: Host, Rhizosphere, Root nodule, Soil; Isolation: 5 km before Bottida, Sardinia; Temp: Mesophile. Mesorhizobium species are fast-growing rhizobia. Strains generally form nitrogen-fixing nodules on the roots of a restricted range of leguminous plants. Mesorhizobium ciceri nodulates chickpeas.
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General Information: This strain was originally isolated from cabbage. Causes black rot disease in crucifers. This genus consists of plant-specific yellow-pigmented microbes, some of which are economically important phytopathogens that devastate crops such as citrus plants, rice, beans, grape, and cotton. These organisms are almost exclusively found associated with their plant hosts and are not found free in the soil. This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.