Query: NC_014923:1249267 Mesorhizobium ciceri biovar biserrulae WSM1271 chromosome, complete Lineage: Mesorhizobium ciceri; Mesorhizobium; Phyllobacteriaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Country: Italy; Environment: Host, Rhizosphere, Root nodule, Soil; Isolation: 5 km before Bottida, Sardinia; Temp: Mesophile. Mesorhizobium species are fast-growing rhizobia. Strains generally form nitrogen-fixing nodules on the roots of a restricted range of leguminous plants. Mesorhizobium ciceri nodulates chickpeas.
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General Information: Plant symbiont bacterium. This organism contains a symbiosis island that is responsible for symbiotic relationships with plants (lotus) which is similar to what is observed with other Rhizobia that form similar relationships with legumes. The bacterium enters root nodules and performs nitrogen-fixation for the plant cell while being provided with a protective environment to grow in. Nitrogen fixation and root nodule formation genes are carried on a symbiosis island.