Query: NC_014909:121771 Candidatus Blochmannia vafer str. BVAF chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Blochmannia vafer; Blochmannia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Candidatus Blochmannia is an obligate bacterial associate of Camponotus and related ant genera. Blochmannia vafer was isolated from Camponotus vafer workers and larvae collected from a single colony in the Coronado National Forest near Portal, Arizona, USA. Blochmannia is located within bacteriocytes, where the bacterial cells float freely in the host cytoplasm, and within oocytes of queens.
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General Information: This strain was isolated in Canada during a study of cheese spoilage. Soil microorganism that can cause food poisoning. This organism is a soil-dwelling opportunistic pathogen that causes food poisoning in infected individuals. The rapid onset is characterized by nausea and vomiting while the late onset is characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain. The emetic disease is caused by a small stable dodecadepsipeptide cerulide whereas the diarrheal disease is caused by a heat labile enterotoxin. Some strains produce a potent cytotoxin that forms a pore in the membrane of eukaryotic cells and causes necrotic enteritis (death of intestinal epithelial cells) while the unique tripartite membrane lytic toxin hemolysin BL contributes to the diarrheal disease and destructive infections of the eye.