Query: NC_014833:1539678 Ruminococcus albus 7 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Ruminococcus albus; Ruminococcus; Ruminococcaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Host; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 40C. The bacterium requires phenylacetic and phenylpropionic acids for maximal growth. The organism produces cellulosomes at the cell surface that are multimeric protein complexes that contain scaffolding proteins and degradative enzymes. Understanding the metabolism of plant polysaccharides may enable scientists to improve the productivity of ruminant organisms such as cattle
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General Information: Isolation: River sediment with paper mill waste; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 40C; Isolation:river sediment with paper mill waste; Country:United Kingdom: River Don, Scotland. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA. This is a cellulolytic bacterium isolated from river sediment containing paper-mill waste.