Query: NC_014761:1981435 Oceanithermus profundus DSM 14977 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Oceanithermus profundus; Oceanithermus; Thermaceae; Thermales; Deinococcus-Thermus; Bacteria General Information: Environment: Deep sea, Hydrothermal vent, Marine; Temp: Thermophile; Temp: 60C; Isolation:deep sea hot vent Pacific Ocean: East Pacific Rise. Oceanithermus profundus is a moderate thermophile originally isolated from a hydrothermal vent in the Pacific Ocean.
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General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.