Query: NC_014642:236896 Achromobacter xylosoxidans A8 plasmid pA82, complete sequence Lineage: Achromobacter xylosoxidans; Achromobacter; Alcaligenaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain A8 was isolated from soil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and is able to use 2-chlorobenzoate (2-CB) and 2,5-dichlorobenzoate (2,5-DCB) as sole sources of carbon and energy. Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a catalase- and oxidase-positive, motile, gram-negative rod that can cause opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from an infected infant in Germany in 1993. Causes respiratory illness in humans and sheep. This group of organisms is capable of invading the respiratory tract of animals and causing severe diseases. They express a number of virulence factors in order to do this including filamentous hemagglutins for attachment, cytotoxins, and proteins that form a type III secretion system for transport of effector molecules into host cells. Bordetella parapertussis can infect humans and sheep and it is unable to persist in the environment. This organism causes a respiratory disease similar to, but less severe than, Bordetella pertussis in humans and a chronic pneumonia in sheep.