Query: NC_014640:6745873 Achromobacter xylosoxidans A8 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Achromobacter xylosoxidans; Achromobacter; Alcaligenaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain A8 was isolated from soil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and is able to use 2-chlorobenzoate (2-CB) and 2,5-dichlorobenzoate (2,5-DCB) as sole sources of carbon and energy. Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a catalase- and oxidase-positive, motile, gram-negative rod that can cause opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from sediment contaminated with cis-dichloroethane (cDCE), a common pollutant resulting from widespread manufacture and use of industrial solvents. This bacterium is the only known organism capable of using cDCE as a sole carbon and energy source. The ability of this strain to convert ethene to epoxyethane suggests that the first step in the cDCE biodegradation pathway is the oxidation of cDCE to an epoxide compound. Bacteria that are able to grow on cDCE are rare, and have only been found in very few highly selective artificial environments. The discovery of this bacteria may provide a low cost, self-sustaining bioremediation method in areas where cDCE is a problem contaminant.