Query: NC_014624:2478985 Eubacterium limosum KIST612 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Eubacterium limosum; Eubacterium; Eubacteriaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Eubacterium limosum KIST612 is an acetogenic bacterium isolated from an anaerobic digester and has a high growth rate on synthesis gas (CO; carbon monoxide) using it as a sole energy source. This organism produces acetate as well as butyrate and ethanol as fermentation products from syngas. Therefore, E. limosum KIST612 has been considered for a model strain for bioenergy production from syngas (obtained from biomass).
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General Information: This green-sulfur bacterium is a thermophile and was isolated from a New Zealand high-sulfide hot spring. Photosynthetic thermophile. Chlorobium tepidum is a member of the green-sulfur bacteria. It has been suggested that the green-sulfur bacteria were among the first photosynthetic organisms since they are anaerobically photosynthetic and may have arisen early in the Earth's history when there was a limited amount of oxygen present. This organism utilizes a novel photosynthetic system, and harvests light energy using an unusual organelle, the chlorosome, which contains an aggregate of light-harvesting centers surrounded by a protein-stabilized galactolipid monolayer that lies at the inner surface of the cytoplasmic membrane. Unlike many other photosynthetic organisms, the green-sulfur bacteria do not produce oxygen and tolerate only low levels of the molecule. This organism also fixes carbon dioxide via a reverse tricarboxylic acid cycle, using electrons derived from hydrogen or reduced sulfur to drive the reaction, instead of via the Calvin cycle like many other photosynthetic organisms.