Query: NC_014623:6950638 Stigmatella aurantiaca DW4/3-1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Stigmatella aurantiaca; Stigmatella; Cystobacteraceae; Myxococcales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Social gliding soil bacterium. Stigmatella aurantica, commonly isolated from rotting wood and bark, is a member of a group of organisms called myxobacteria. These organisms have a complex development and differentiation life cycle. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100,000 cells. Stigmatella aurantica produces a number of compounds, such as aurafuron A and stigmatellin, which may be important as anti-cancer agents.
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General Information: Isolated from a biofilm from San Diego Bay in California. Marine biofilm bacterium associated with shell disease in shellfish. A common marine bacterium that exists both in the water column, and in biofilms attached to surfaces. This organism produces a well characterized, commercially important agarase. Pseudoalteromonas atlantica has been isolated from lesions on crabs with shell disease. Shell disease is characterized by progressive degradation of the shell, often leading to an infection of the hemolymph (blood) and may be caused by Pseudoalteromonas, Alteromonas, Vibrio, or other marine organisms. In addition to producing extracellular enzymes which attack the shell, Pseudoalteromonas atlantica produces a the lipopolysaccharide which has been shown to be a potential virulence factor in shell disease.