Query: NC_014484:762710 Spirochaeta thermophila DSM 6192 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Spirochaeta thermophila; Spirochaeta; Spirochaetaceae; Spirochaetales; Spirochaetes; Bacteria General Information: Strain DSM 6192 was isolated from brackish thermal Spring RI 19 on the edge of Green Lake on Raoul Island in the Kermadec archipelago about 1000 km northeast of New Zealand. Spirochaeta thermophila is a thermophilic obligately anaerobic spirochete. This organism has been isolated from brackish and marine hot springs.
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General Information: Its genome indicates a motile, sporulating, sulfate-reducing, chemoautotrophic thermophile that can fix its own nitrogen and carbon by using machinery shared with archaea. Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator is a gram positive sulfate reducing bacteria identified in fracture water from a borehole at a depth of 2.8 km in a South African gold mine. Water from these boreholes is very old (low-biodiversity fracture water), suggesting that these bacteria have been isolated from the Earth's surface for as much as several million years.