Query: NC_014392:969498 Caldicellulosiruptor obsidiansis OB47 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Caldicellulosiruptor obsidiansis; Caldicellulosiruptor; Thermoanaerobacterales Family III; Thermoanaerobacterales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Country: USA; Environment: Hot spring; Habitat: Fresh water, Hot spring; Isolation: Obsidian Pool, Yellowstone National Park, USA; Temp: 55-85C. This species is an extremely thermophilic anaerobic bacteria, isolated from Obsidian Pool, Yellowstone National Park. It is a novel cellulolytic bacteria. Caldicellulosiruptor is a genus of thermophilic gram positive bacteria. These organisms produce a number of thermostable enzymes which may have industrial uses.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from a polluted creek in Urbana, Illinois, USA by enrichment culture with ethylbenzyne as a sole source of carbon and energy. Its ability to degrade several different compounds including benzene, toluene, and ethylbenzene makes this species useful in the bioremediation of sites contaminated with multiple aromatic hydrocarbons. Underground gasoline tanks which have developed leaks can contaminate soil and water with a variety of these compounds. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. As they are metabolically versatile, and well characterized, it makes them great candidates for biocatalysis, bioremediation and other agricultural applications. Certain strains have been used in the production of bioplastics.