Query: NC_014355:1865003 Candidatus Nitrospira defluvii, complete genome Lineage: Nitrospira defluvii; Nitrospira; Nitrospiraceae; Nitrospirales; Nitrospirae; Bacteria General Information: This nitrite-oxidizing bacterium was found through enrichment from activated sludge from a municipal wastewater treatment plant. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the enriched bacteria represented a novel Nitrospira species closely related to uncultured Nitrospira-like bacteria previously found in wastewater treatment plants and nitrifying bioreactors.
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General Information: This strain was a clinical isolate from Thailand. The genome of this organism carries many genomic islands as compared to the related organism B. mallei, suggesting extensive horizontal transfer. Opportunistic pathogen. This species is an opportunistic pathogen and can cause pneumonia, bacteremia, and melioidosis. It is normally found in terrestrial environments and has been recovered from rice paddies and moist tropical soil. It is endemic in Asia and Australia, but can be found in other parts of the world. The organism can exist intracellularly and can spread through the bloodstream (bacteremia).