Query: NC_014328:1596016 Clostridium ljungdahlii ATCC 49587 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Clostridium ljungdahlii; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from chicken yard waste and is studied for its ability to produce ethanol. This acetogenic species has the ability to convert carbon monoxide into ethanol. The yield of this process has been increased substantially in the laboratory by using a dual-fermentation system. A methanogenic conversion step has also been designed for utilizing some of the waste products generated during the synthetic process.
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General Information: Bacteria belonging to the Rhodobacter group are metabolically versatile as they are able to grow using photosynthesis, chemosynthesis, and usually can grow under both anaerobic and aerobic conditions. The most extensively studied bacteria with regards to its photosynthetic capabilities which includes the structure, function and regulation of its photosynthetic membranes, its mechanisms of CO2 and nitrogen fixation, cytochrome diversity and its electron transport systems. It can grow aerobically and anaerobically in the light and anaerobically in the dark. It produces an intracytoplasmic membrane system consisting of membrane invaginations where the light harvesting complexes (LH1 and LH2) and the reaction center are synthesized. Furthermore, it has the ability to detoxify metal oxides and oxyanions and hence has a role in bioremediation.