Query: NC_014323:4355266 Herbaspirillum seropedicae SmR1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Herbaspirillum seropedicae; Herbaspirillum; Oxalobacteraceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Root-associated nitrogen-fixing bacterium. Herbaspirillum seropedicae is an endophitic nitrogen-fixing beta-Proteobacteria found associated with important crops such as sugarcane, wheat, maize, rice and sorghum. It is non-phytopathogenic and produces interesting biotechnological products such as polybetaalkanoates and cyanophycin. Herbaspirillum seropedicae was isolated from the roots of rice plants, and is member of a group of free-living soil bacteria known to promote plant growth. The yields of rice and sorghum were significantly increased when grown in soil inoculated with Herbaspirillum seropedicae.
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General Information: This organism was isolated from a calcereous (chalky) rock in Switzerland. Photosynthetic bacterium. This organism is an obligate photoautotroph that lacks thylakoid membranes and probably has its photosynthetic machinery in the cytoplasmic membrane with various components exposed to the periplasm whereas in other cyanobacteria the components are situated in the thylakoid membrane and are exposed to the cytoplasm. This unusual arrangement may be due to the lack of various fatty acids that are found in the thylakoid membrane in other cyanobacteria. It has been predicted that this organism was one of the earliest to diverge from the cyanobacterial line.