Query: NC_014318:3691 Amycolatopsis mediterranei U32 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Amycolatopsis mediterranei; Amycolatopsis; Pseudonocardiaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Amycolatopsis mediterranei (strain U-32) is a Gram-positive bacterium used for industry-scale production of rifamycin, which plays a vital role in antimycobacterial therapy.
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General Information: This organism is found in adult humans and formula fed infants as a normal component of gut flora. Representatives of this genus naturally colonize the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and are important for establishing and maintaining homeostasis of the intestinal ecosystem to allow for normal digestion. Their presence has been associated with beneficial health effects, such as prevention of diarrhea, amelioration of lactose intolerance, or immunomodulation. The stabilizing effect on GIT microflora is attributed to the capacity of bifidobacteria to produce bacteriocins, which are bacteriostatic agents with a broad spectrum of action, and to their pH-reducing activity.