Query: NC_014311:1888686 Ralstonia solanacearum PSI07 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Ralstonia solanacearum; Ralstonia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is a phytopathogen that is found in the soil and causes systemic wilting disease in many important food crops such as tomatoes, potatoes, bananas, tobacco, pepper, peanut, ginger, and eucalyptus. It can infect plants found in over 50 different families and this pathogen can be carried asymptomatically in some species.
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General Information: Environment: Soil, Terrestrial; Temp: Mesophile. Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade form a gray aerial spore mass and a grayish-yellow substrate mycelium on oatmeal agar, and produce aerial hyphae that differentiate into spiral chains of rugose ornamented spores. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin.