Query: NC_014311:1888686 Ralstonia solanacearum PSI07 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Ralstonia solanacearum; Ralstonia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is a phytopathogen that is found in the soil and causes systemic wilting disease in many important food crops such as tomatoes, potatoes, bananas, tobacco, pepper, peanut, ginger, and eucalyptus. It can infect plants found in over 50 different families and this pathogen can be carried asymptomatically in some species.
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General Information: This strain (ATCC BAA-672) is a virulent blackleg isolated from the stem of a potato plant. Causative agent for blackleg and soft rot disease in potatoes. Formerly Erwinia, these organisms are plant-specific pathogens that invade the vascular systems of plants. Both Pectobacterium chrysanthemia and Pectobacterium carotovora cause soft-rot diseases of various plant hosts through degradation of the plant cell walls. Pectobacterium colonize the intercellular spaces of plant cells and deliver potent effector molecules (Avr - avirulence) through a type III secretion system (Hrp - hypersensitive response and pathogenicity). Avr proteins control host-bacterium interactions, including host range. Expression of the plant cell-wall-degrading enzymes is controlled through a quorum-sensing mechanism that quantifies the number of Pectobacterium bacteria through measurement of the concentration of small molecules (acyl homoserine lactones) produced by Pectobacterium. Pectobacterium atrosepticum is an environmentally widespread organism that causes blackleg and soft rot disease in potatoes. This organism produces pectolytic enzymes that destroy plant tissue and allow the bacteria to spread.