Query: NC_014306:1244721 Erwinia billingiae Eb661, complete genome Lineage: Erwinia billingiae; Erwinia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: An Erwinia species isolated from trees. The nonpathogenic Erwinia billingiae strain Eb661 is an epiphyte isolated from a pear tree in England in 1959.
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General Information: This strain was originally isolated from cabbage. Causes black rot disease in crucifers. This genus consists of plant-specific yellow-pigmented microbes, some of which are economically important phytopathogens that devastate crops such as citrus plants, rice, beans, grape, and cotton. These organisms are almost exclusively found associated with their plant hosts and are not found free in the soil. This species is a major cause of black rot in crucifers, a disease that results in massive tissue degeneration. It also produces an extracellular polysaccharide known as xanthan, which is harvested commercially as a food stabilizing agent for use in industry.