Query: NC_014219:2253023 Bacillus selenitireducens MLS10 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Bacillus selenitireducens; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Anoxic muds of Mono Lake California; Country: USA; Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Fresh water. Bacillus selenitireducens MLS-10 was isolated from alkaline, hypersaline, arsenic-rich mud from Mono Lake, California. This organism can reduce arsenate, selenate, and selenite, making it a potential bioremediation agent. Bacillus selenitireducens produces intracellular and extracellular granules of elemental selenium when grown on selenite. The respiratory arsenate reductase has been purified, and is able to function at high pH and alkalinity.
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General Information: Nitrogen fixation. Thermophilic strictly anaerobic bacterium oxidizing acetate to CO2 in syntrophic association with a methanogenic partner. Capable of growing with various substrates such as alcohols and methylated nitrogen compounds, and to reduce sulfate in the presence of acetate. Isolated from sludge of an anaerobic digester run at 58 degrees C. Thermacetogenium phaeum is a strictly anaerobic, homoacetogenic bacterium. It is exceptional because it can use the homoacetogenic Wood-Ljungdahl (CO- dehydrogenase) pathway both for acetate formation and acetate oxidation. Acetate oxidation is possible only in syntrophic cooperation with a methanogenic partner which maintains a low hydrogen and/or formate concentration in the coculture. With this, the bacterium operates close to the thermodynamic equilibrium of substrate conversion, similar to other syntrophically fermenting bacteria such as Syntrophomonas wolfei the genomes of which have been sequenced as well in the recent past.