Query: NC_014219:2253023 Bacillus selenitireducens MLS10 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Bacillus selenitireducens; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Anoxic muds of Mono Lake California; Country: USA; Temp: Mesophile; Habitat: Fresh water. Bacillus selenitireducens MLS-10 was isolated from alkaline, hypersaline, arsenic-rich mud from Mono Lake, California. This organism can reduce arsenate, selenate, and selenite, making it a potential bioremediation agent. Bacillus selenitireducens produces intracellular and extracellular granules of elemental selenium when grown on selenite. The respiratory arsenate reductase has been purified, and is able to function at high pH and alkalinity.
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General Information: This organism was first isolated from the soil in Vineland, New Jersey, although it is found worldwide. It is a large obligate aerobe that has one of the highest respiratory rates of any organism. Azotobacter vinelandii also produces a number of unusual nitrogenases which allow it to fix atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia, a compound it can then use as a nitrogen source. It protects the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenase enzymes through its high respiratory rate, which sequesters the nitrogenase complexes in an anoxic environment. This organism has a number of unusual characteristics. Under extreme environmental conditions, the cell will produce a cyst that is resistant to dessication and is surrounded by two capsular polysaccharide layers. This organism produces two industrially important polysaccharides, poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and alginate. PHB is a thermoplastic biopolymer, and alginate is used in the food industry. Alginate is also used by the pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa to infect the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients.