Query: NC_014029:2285323 Yersinia pestis Z176003 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Yersinia pestis; Yersinia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: It was isolated from a dead marmot in Tibet Autonomous Region, China. Gram-negative straight rods, sometimes approaching a spherical shape. Y.pestis is always nonmotile. It is the causative agent of plague which is primarily a disease of wild rodents. Y.pestis is transmitted among wild rodents by fleas, in which the bacteria multiply and block the esophagus and the pharynx. The fleas regurgitate the bacteria when they take their next blood meal. Bacteria are transmitted subcutaneously to humans by the bite of infected fleas, but also by air, especially during pandemics of disease. Infective flea bites produce the typical bubonic form of plague in humans.
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General Information: This strain can suppress the diseases caused by Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium ultimum which affect cotton plants. The production of a number of antibiotics (pyrrolnitrin, pyoluteorin, and 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol) as well as the production of siderophores (which may affect the ability of competing organisms to obtain environmental iron) by this strain can inhibit phytopathogen growth such as the above-mentioned fungi. The genome of this organism contains a number of genes, estimated at 5.7 % of the chromosome, that encode proteins that are involved in secondary metabolism. A large number of repeat elements (REP) are also found in the genome in greater numbers than in related Pseudomonas spp.