Query: NC_013961:2579000 Erwinia amylovora, complete genome Lineage: Erwinia amylovora; Erwinia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This bacterium is the causative agent of Fire Blight, a destructive disease of Maloid fruit trees, such as apple and pear. Outbreaks are sporadic in the Northeast, but result in serious damage to roots, blossoms, fruit, and shoots when they occur. The pathogen overwinters in cankers or in smaller limbs. During early spring, in response to both temperature increases and bud development, the bacteria multiplies and may be seen as a yellowish ooze around the perimeter of the canker. Flies and other insects are attracted to the ooze and disperse the inoculum to other trees in the orchard. This species has recently become resistant to streptomycin, an antibiotic traditionally used in its control.
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General Information: It produces a water-soluble extracellular polysaccharide that forms a biopolymer useful for a wide range of applications to textile printing, oil and adhesive industries. This organism belongs to the Beijerinckiaceae family, which includes both methanotrophic (bacteria able to oxidize methane) and nonmethanotrophic species (like Beijerinckia indica subsp. indica). Sequencing of strains from this family presents an ideal opportunity for a comparative genomic study into the evolution and biochemistry of obligate methanotrophy.