Query: NC_013853:956144 Streptococcus mitis B6, complete genome Lineage: Streptococcus mitis; Streptococcus; Streptococcaceae; Lactobacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from a hospital in Bochum, Germany. Streptococcus mitis. This organism is a commensal normally found in the human mouth, throat and nasopharynx. It is not usually pathogenic but can be recovered from ulcerated teeth, sinuses and blood or heart lesions from subacute endocarditis (inflammation of the membrane lining the heart) patients. Streptococci are Gram-positive, nonmotile, nonsporeforming, catalase-negative cocci that occur in pairs or chains. Members of this genus vary widely in pathogenic potential. Most streptococci are facultative anaerobes, and some are obligate anaerobes.
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General Information: This strain probably caused lethal anthrax in chimpanzee Leo in the rainforest of the Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. It belongs to a collection of genetically closely related bacteria, isolated in 2001 and 2002 from deceased wild chimpanzees living in this rain forest area. An autopsy showed symptoms typical of anthrax, but the bacterium isolated was motile, unlike B.anthracis. This organism is a soil-dwelling opportunistic pathogen that causes food poisoning in infected individuals. The rapid onset is characterized by nausea and vomiting while the late onset is characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain. The emetic disease is caused by a small stable dodecadepsipeptide cerulide whereas the diarrheal disease is caused by a heat labile enterotoxin. Some strains produce a potent cytotoxin that forms a pore in the membrane of eukaryotic cells and causes necrotic enteritis (death of intestinal epithelial cells) while the unique tripartite membrane lytic toxin hemolysin BL contributes to the diarrheal disease and destructive infections of the eye.