Query: NC_013720:1605240 Pirellula staleyi DSM 6068, complete genome Lineage: Pirellula staleyi; Pirellula; Planctomycetaceae; Planctomycetales; Planctomycetes; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Freshwater Lake Lansing, Michigan, USA; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 20 - 25C; Habitat: Fresh water. Pirellula staleyi DSM 6068 is commonly isolated from freshwater environments. Pirellula staleyi is a pear-shaped bacterium having a life cycle consisting of an aggregate-forming sessile (non-motile) form and a motile swarmer cell. They have a pirellulosome, a large nucleoid-containing cellular compartment, which is surrounded by a single membrane.
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General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.