Query: NC_013716:5201097 Citrobacter rodentium ICC168, complete genome Lineage: Citrobacter rodentium; Citrobacter; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Citrobacter rodentium is the causative agent of transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia in mice. This disease is characterized by a hyperproliferation of the epithelial cells in the colon similar to that found in humans suffering from idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease. In addition this organism contains virulence factors similar to those found in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and enteropathogenic E. coli. C. rodentium are being used as models for studying mucosal response to infection, colon tumor production, and virulence associated with pathogenic E. coli.
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General Information: This organism was originally isolated from a hot spring in Tengcong, China, and is the type strain for the species. Genomic analysis indicates it is similar to Bacillus halodurans and that it has one of the most biased leading strand distribution of genes. Although the organism has not been observed to be motile or to sporulate, it does contain genes for both functions. The bacterium produces acetate and ethanol from glucose and cannot degrade xylan and cellulose.