Query: NC_013665:1922000 Methanocella paludicola SANAE, complete genome Lineage: Methanocella paludicola; Methanocella; Methanocellaceae; Methanocellales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: This strain was isolated in Japan from rice paddy samples. Strain SANAE belongs to the Rice Cluster I (RC-I), a 16S rRNA and mcrA gene sequences-defined euryarchaeal lineage within Methanosarcinales and Methanomicrobiales. The RC-I group plays a key role in releasing methane from rice fields, which accounts for 10 to 25% of the global methane emissions.
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General Information: This type strain was isolated from granular sludge from a thermophilic upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. It was isolated both in pure culture and in co-culture with methanogens. In syntrophic association with hydrogenotrophic methanogens, this species can utilize propionate, ethanol, lactate, ethylene glycol, 1-butanol, 1-propanol, 1-pentanol and 1,3-propanediol. This is the first mesophilic, syntropic propionate-oxidizing species known which is not a member of the delta-proteobacteria.