Query: NC_013520:1905554 Veillonella parvula DSM 2008, complete genome Lineage: Veillonella parvula; Veillonella; Veillonellaceae; Selenomonadales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Intestinal tract; Country: France; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 37C; Habitat: Human intestinal microflora, Human oral. Veillonella parvula is a small, nonfermentative, strictly anaerobic, gram-negative coccus. It is part of the normal flora of the mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and vagina in humans.
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General Information: Isolated from forest soil near the Quabbin Reservoir in Massachusetts, USA. This organism plays an important industrial and ecological role in the anaerobic fermentation of cellulose and produces economically significant levels of acetate and ethanol. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA.