Query: NC_013508:1491945 Edwardsiella tarda EIB202, complete genome Lineage: Edwardsiella tarda; Edwardsiella; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Edwardsiella tarda is a Gram-negative member of the normal gut microflora of fish, humans, chickens and other animals. This organism is also a serious pathogen of marine and freshwater fish and has been isolated from channel catfish, Japanese eels, flounder, tilapia, and other economically important fish. Infection by this organism is characterized by septicemia, internal abscesses, and skin lesions. This disease is often associated with poor water quality and mortality in aquaculture can be high. Edwardsiella tarda also causes opportunistic infections in humans, most commonly gastroenteritis and wound infections. However, this organism has been isolated from cases of septicemia and meningitis, primarily in immunocompromised patients.
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General Information: Enterobacter species are found in natural environments such as water, sewage, soil, and vegetables; some species are found in human and animal species. Enterobacter cloacae is a prevalent nosocomial pathogen as it is highly resistant to disinfectants and antimicrobial agents. E.cloacae subsp. cloacae strain ATCC 13047 was isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid in 1890 and is the type strain. These "ICU bugs" cause significant morbidity and mortality, and infection management is complicated by multiple antibiotic resistance. These bacteria possess inducible beta-lactamases, which are undetectable in vitro but are also responsible for resistance during treatment.