Query: NC_013508:1491945 Edwardsiella tarda EIB202, complete genome Lineage: Edwardsiella tarda; Edwardsiella; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Edwardsiella tarda is a Gram-negative member of the normal gut microflora of fish, humans, chickens and other animals. This organism is also a serious pathogen of marine and freshwater fish and has been isolated from channel catfish, Japanese eels, flounder, tilapia, and other economically important fish. Infection by this organism is characterized by septicemia, internal abscesses, and skin lesions. This disease is often associated with poor water quality and mortality in aquaculture can be high. Edwardsiella tarda also causes opportunistic infections in humans, most commonly gastroenteritis and wound infections. However, this organism has been isolated from cases of septicemia and meningitis, primarily in immunocompromised patients.
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General Information: Isolated in 1989 from the leaf surface of a sugar beet plant grown at the University Farm, Wytham, Oxford, UK. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. This organism is a nonpathogenic saprophyte which inhabits soil, water and plant surface environments. If iron is in low supply, it produces a soluble, greenish fluorescent pigment, which is how it was named. As these environmentally versatile bacteria possess the ability to degrade (at least partially) multiple different pollutants, they are studied in their use as bioremediants.