Query: NC_013501:176073 Rhodothermus marinus DSM 4252, complete genome Lineage: Rhodothermus marinus; Rhodothermus; Rhodothermaceae; Bacteroidetes Order II; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Submarine alkaline hot spring at Reykjanes; Country: Iceland; Temp: Thermophile; Temp: 65C; Habitat: Hot spring, Marine. This organism is a thermophilic bacterium which can grow at temperatures of up to 77 degrees C and at salt concentrations of over 6% NaCl. It has been isolated from shallow water geothermal habitats in Iceland, Portugal and Italy.
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General Information: Rhodospirillum centenum, also called Rhodocista centenaria, is a nitrogen-fixing photoheterotroph with a complex life cycle. R. centenum is one of the few known thermotolerant purple bacteria species with optimal growth temperature of 44 dgrees C and a maximal growth temperature of 48 degrees C. In liquid media this organism is motile by a single polar flagellum. R. centenum produces lateral flagella to become a swarming cell. Under low nutrient conditions R. centenum forms a desiccation- and UV-resistant cyst. R. centenum can often be cultivated from hot springs such as those found at Yellowstone National Park. R. centenum is emerging as a model organism for genetic and molecular genetic analysis of cyst formation.