Query: NC_013501:176073 Rhodothermus marinus DSM 4252, complete genome Lineage: Rhodothermus marinus; Rhodothermus; Rhodothermaceae; Bacteroidetes Order II; Bacteroidetes; Bacteria General Information: Isolation: Submarine alkaline hot spring at Reykjanes; Country: Iceland; Temp: Thermophile; Temp: 65C; Habitat: Hot spring, Marine. This organism is a thermophilic bacterium which can grow at temperatures of up to 77 degrees C and at salt concentrations of over 6% NaCl. It has been isolated from shallow water geothermal habitats in Iceland, Portugal and Italy.
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General Information: The strain was isolated from a symbiotic association with the gymnosperm cycad Macrozamia sp. It typically grows in freshwater habitats. This genera of cyanobacteria are typically terrestrially-associated and are especially found in limestone or nutrient-poor soils. They are very similar to Anabaena spp. and historically they have been distinguished on the basis of morphological and life cycle characteristics. Nostoc spp. can grow heterotrophically or photoheterotrophically, and form heterocysts for nitrogen fixation. This organism can form nitrogen-fixing symbiotic relationships with plants and fungi such as the bryophyte Anthoceros punctatus. The relationship is relatively simple as compared to the Rhizobial symbiotic relationship. In the presence of the plant, hormogonia (short motile filaments) infect the plant, and then form long heterocyst-containing (nitrogen-fixing differentiated bacterial cells) filaments. The bacterial cell receives carbon sources in exchange for fixed nitrogen.